Wanted: Gladiator Personnel Director

The executive search firm CPS HR Consulting the city has retained to assist with the hiring of the Personnel Director position has created quite the application obstacle course for candidates to navigate. Call it an intellectual, mental exercise of running, jumping, crawling, diving, cloaked in rigid requirements, confidentiality agreements, rating systems and anonymity.

Keep the politics out of it? So far so good. We’ll see.

It’s crunch time for the finalists as the city prepares to announce its appointed gladiator in about two weeks. This is a key appointment in so many ways.

Eric Amado has occupied the position in an acting capacity for more than one year following the resignation of David Dunn in the aftermath of the federal government’s investigation into the test-cheating scheme of former Police Chief AJ Perez.

The Personnel Director oversees Civil Service hiring including the testing process to select chiefs of police and fire.

Judging by the interviewing, testing process and rules and regulations presented to candidates, this is an examination of endurance, according to would-be candidates. One described at as “nerve wracking.”

The personnel director position had been sacrosanct from its birth, created under the mayoralty of Socialist Jasper McLevy, 1933-57, who instituted the Civil Service testing system as a firewall against political intrusion. In 2009 then Mayor Bill Finch took a fire hose to its institutionalism lining up the Civil Service Commission votes to can Ralph Jacobs with whom he had a scratchy relationship. Dunn was installed, without a national search to match the bona fides, and stayed there until his resignation.

It came with a price tag for taxpayers.

Former Mayor Tom Bucci, an expert in labor law, represented Jacobs in a financial termination agreement totaling $180,000.

A mayor with an accommodating personnel director is like harnessing a de facto patronage department shoehorning political supporters into positions. Personnel directors who play by the book are loyal to the testing rules and regulations set forth in the City Charter.

The Civil Service Commission is technically the appointing authority assisted by the executive search firm assimilating the finalists armed with the pro forma language below:

Prohibited Items

Certain items are prohibited during the assessment, including all electronic devices (i.e., cellular phones, tablets, smart watches, recording devices, etc.), any large bags or portfolios (i.e., backpacks or ‘large’ purses where paperwork or electronic devices could be stored) and paperwork of any kind (i.e., resumes, policy manuals, previously prepared notes, notepads, etc.). You are expressly forbidden from bringing any previously prepared notes into the assessment. You are prohibited from videotaping, audiotaping, or taking pictures, as these methods capture test content and thus violate the copyright and proprietary rights of the examination content. If you bring any of these prohibited materials to the assessment site, you must turn them in immediately when you sign-in. Possession of these prohibited items during your assessment is grounds for immediate disqualification. These materials will be held and given back to you once you have completed the assessment. Please note, staff members are not responsible for any lost, stolen, or damaged materials which is why we suggest that you not bring them into the building with you at all.

Optional Items

Water and food will NOT be available to you at the assessment site. You are encouraged to bring a bottle of water if you would like as waiting/holding periods can be inconvenient.

You may also bring your own writing utensils (a maximum of three pencils, three pens, and two highlighters). However, please note, you will only be allowed to write/make notes during specified times during the assessment. For example, you are prohibited from writing/taking notes prior to your preparation period and while waiting to entering your assessment room. This will be strictly enforced. Writing utensils (pencils/pens) will be available to you if you choose not to bring your own.

Required Items

You must bring the following items:
— Government issued picture ID (i.e., driver’s license)
— Face mask


Your assessment will be administered in person. You will be rated by a panel of assessors. There will be two exercises that comprise this portion of the examination. For one of the exercises, you will have a preparation period to enable you to prepare for this exercise. Both exercises will be explained to you in more detail on the day of the assessment.

Assessment Center Procedures

You will be at the assessment site for approximately 2 hours. At your assigned appointment time, you will be checked into the assessment center (please bring photo identification). Once you sign-in for the assessment (and show proper identification), you will be provided with an ID badge that you will wear throughout the assessment.

Additionally, you will receive a Confidentiality Agreement at check-in that you will be asked to sign. This is done so that candidates will not discuss the contents of the assessment center throughout the testing process and so that everyone has a clear understanding of the serious implications of a security breach. By participating in the assessment process, you have agreed to keep the contents of the assessment confidential for a period of time after the assessment.

After check-in, a proctor may provide some brief verbal instructions and answer any questions you may have. You will then be escorted to your preparation room.

Preparation Period

Once in the preparation room, you will receive additional instructions and some exercise materials. After that, your preparation period will begin. Candidates will have a specified period of time to review all materials and prepare for one of the assessment exercises during the preparation period. You may take notes during your preparation period on notepaper that will be provided to you, or on the exercise documents. You will be allowed to bring your notes and instructions into the assessment room with you. Note, that you will be expected to read all materials and conduct any and all preparation you feel is necessary for the assessment during the preparation period. Once you leave the preparation period, you will not be allowed to take any additional notes until you begin your assessment.


Following the preparation period, there will be a very brief time to use the restroom. Following this short break, you will be promptly escorted to the assessment room.

A proctor will escort you into the assessment room. You will be seated at a table in the room and may take out your notes at that time.

Please remember that all City of Bridgeport Civil Service exams are held anonymously until after grading of test materials/exercises is complete. Please do not introduce yourself to your assessors. Your assessors will not introduce themselves to you. Because of COVID-19 safety protocols, we ask that you not attempt to shake hands with anyone in the assessment room. You may greet your assessors but, again, do not provide them with your name.

Once you are seated, your proctor may give you a brief instruction and will begin your assessment.

Please note, assessors will only evaluate what you say during each designated response period. You will provide all responses orally. Although you may take notes during the exercise if you would like, these notes (or any notes) will NOT be rated and there will be no formal preparation time during the exercises.

Important Notes

Please keep in mind that you are expected to enter the assessment room having prepared (however you see fit).

A preparation period is being used to maximize efficiency and to allow you to determine how best to allocate your time in preparing for one of the two exercises of the assessment; you will have to manage and prioritize your time. This in itself is a test of your organization and planning ability. Please plan your time accordingly to ensure you are able to read through all materials and conduct all preparation necessary. You will be able to bring your instructions and any notes or materials you have generated with you to your assessment room. You will be prohibited from writing or preparing anything outside of the preparation room or the assessment room.

General Suggestions

— You may plan for one of your exercises, take notes during the preparation period, and bring any and all of your material as well as the exercise instructions with you into the assessment
— Manage your time within the exercise appropriately. Ensure that you meet your goals for the exercise within the time
— Try not to use department-specific jargon. For example, if you want to refer to “EAP,” you might say, “Employee Assistance Program.” While assessors receive extensive training, some specific terminology may not be familiar to them.


Once you have finished your exam exercises, the proctor will escort you from the exam room and will collect all of your assessment materials (e.g., notes and instructions). You will not be able to take any of your notes or exercise instructions with you when you leave the assessment–you must turn in all materials once you have completed your assessment.

At that time, the proctor will direct you to the nearest building exit. You must exit the building immediately. The Civil Service office will contact you as soon as the final results are compiled.



  1. Lennie, all of that is good but one of the major issue is the testing companies, what is experience and background in giving nondiscriminatory test that have the racial makeup and population as Bridgeport. The system of testing has national and Federal Guidelines that are required. I still ask the question on how can people have trust with the City Charter and with Civil Service because neither Finch and Ganim did absolutely nothing along with the city council members for 12 years with having David Dunn as the “Acting” Personnel Director. The City Attorney office needs to do a backgroup check into consulting that the city has retained to assist with the hiring of the Personnel Director position.

  2. This nothing, nothing at all as it’s only the Dunn/ Pérez stop the cheat rules!
    What is the criteria that will be used to select the new Civil Service Director? Background in Civil Service, college requirements or has the criteria been changed since the hiring of Ralph Jacob’s, the last Civil Service Director that passed a legitimate exam? Criteria Change? 🙈🙉🙊

    1. Don, it’s amazing how all of these pro Democrats, pro Finch, Ganim and Testa and want-a be mayor and city council members and all of those against all of them have not been upset about this corruption that affects the tesing and hiring of city employees. There has been NO investigation into what David Dunn did to the testing process and the hiring and running of the office of the Personnel Director. Dunn pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit wire fraud and making a false statement to the FBI.

      “Former Bridgeport personnel director sentenced to 4 months in police chief test cheating scandal”
      Daniel Tepfer April 13, 2021, article,

      “As I stand before you the wrongfulness of my conduct is apparent, the harm it has caused. I accept full responsibility for these actions,” Dunn told the judge.

      Details of Dunn’s part in the chief selection scandal were spelled out in a sentencing memorandum submitted to the court by federal prosecutors.

      “Based on the common knowledge of the close friendship between the mayor and Perez, the mayor having appointed Perez as the acting chief, as well as the frequent inquiries about Perez’s prospects by members of the city council, to the exclusion of the other candidates, David Dunn correctly assumed that Perez was the choice of his superiors for appointment to chief of police,” Dunn’s sentencing memorandum states.

      Ganim has not been implicated.

      For his part in the conspiracy, the prosecutor’s memorandum states Dunn hired a private consultant who had once worked for the city under Dunn’s direction to conduct the search process. Dunn then told the consultant that a bachelor’s degree for a chief candidate was not a requirement — favoring Perez, the only candidate without a degree. Dunn later forwarded to Perez an email from the consultant containing non-public information about the status of the search process.

      The memorandum states that Dunn later provided Perez the questionnaire and essay questions the consultant intended to use for the candidates a month before the other candidates got them and Dunn gave Perez the questions to the oral exam he got from the consultant long before the other candidates got them.

      The memorandum states that Dunn requested the consultant make changes to the scoring process of the exams to Perez’s benefit, such as awarding extra points for Perez serving as acting police chief and not awarding extra points as previously were made to candidates who live in the city since Perez was not a city resident.

      On October 17, 2018, the memorandum states that Dunn called a panelist appointed to interview the finalist for the chief’s job and told her that the mayor “would like to see Perez in the top three.

      “Panelist-1 understood Dunn wanted her to score Perez higher, or influence the other panelists to do so, to please Mayor Ganim,” the memorandum states.

      Don, all that are facts yet the city has never done a investigation into the running of that department. Dunn had the testing company commit fraud and corruption. There needs to be a independent investigation of the Office of the Personnel Director.

  3. Lennie,
    So you think a gladiator is required to produce a professional result for our City?
    How about a professional firm, used by well-run cities, respected by their peers and suffering from past criminal behavior? And if you think that the rules set up for this application process are difficult or contorted, perhaps the recent cheating episodes between “the acting Civil Service” director and the Police Chief act as a warning to the firm taking on this assignment?
    So I looked at their website and am impressed with one of the articles available, : “5 Important Upskilling Tips for Public Sector Employers”.
    After reading the brief article, understand that Bridgeport has ignored the process of regular evaluation of employees as a routine matter. If there is no regular evaluation where manager or supervisor can frankly comment on effort, timeliness, attitude, and job performance as well as recommend areas for focus, training, etc. no wonder there are the many grievance cases where taxpayer funds are further at risk, quality work is compromised, and no one can be proud of results so secrecy, non disclosure agreements and confidentiality become the order of the day.
    We also see the work of coverup in the City in the case of Civil Service and Police Department. People know they are in the wrong while all this goes on. Trust has been eroded because there was no one doing oversight for over a decade on the ACTING DIRECTOR. I have stated before that darkness in process breeds its own problems. Where is the top administrator, bragging about quality process, teaching how the City excels at cost controls, meeting expectations of employees and bargaining, and services to citizens? Hiding out behind staff?
    The “second chance” extended to former elected Mayor-employee Ganim did not start his second term with remorse, nor did he actively pursue a course to clean up administrative procedures as they were when he returned and since his return.
    Right now “employee initiated actions” for failure to follow routine employee management processes are piling up in law offices. When individuals realize the common ground covered, perhaps the tsunami will show up in terms of a “class action” legal matter. I have no training in legal matters, except the power to observe, compare, and contrast results in the news. Do not hold your breath necessarily. Time will tell.


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